Cocopeat , also known as coir pith, coir fiber pith, coir dust, or simply coir, is a byproduct gained during extraction of Coir fiber from coconut husk. Coir dust composted or old mulched dust is collected-screened-dried before making into bale or small block with various granularity and denseness, which are then used for horticultural and agricultural applications and as industrial absorbent.
Usually Cocopeat is shipped in the form of compressed bales, briquettes, slabs or discs; the end user usually expands and aerates the compressed coco peat by the addition of water. This has high water retention capacity to plant growth. This block/bale is dissolved easily in water. This material increases weight by 8 times when water is added.
CocoPeat makes an excellent growing medium for hydroponics, soil mixes, and container plant growing. This clean coir has natural rooting hormones and anti-fungal properties. It is a 100% organic product.
Cocopeat is now widely used as a natural soilless hydroponic growing medium by many hydroponic growers. Commercial hydroponic growers worldwide are producing excellent quality and high yield vegetable and cut flower crops using Cocopeat. Cocopeat can produce crops for up to five years in hydroponic systems.